We have already tested the system for the Chamber and Senate in 2018 but on 25 September, with the game of the new alliances, it seems more complicated. Small guide to get preparedThe Chamber of Deputies. Photo Video
Single-member and multi-member colleges, armored lists and blocking quotas for parties and coalitions. On 25 September, the so-called Rosatellum will be voted, as in 2018. But, thanks to the innumerable technicalities, many Italians still struggle to fully understand the electoral law that bears the signature of Ettore Rosato, now president of Italia Viva. Here are the news and a 'review' of the usual rules.
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What do you need to vote?
An identity document and the electoral card.
What is forbidden?
Mobile phones and any device capable of taking photographs or making videos inside the polling booths.
How many cards are there?
Two, one for the Chamber and one for the Senate. Following the recent constitutional reform, the number of representatives to be elected in Montecitorio has dropped from 630 to 400, while senators will be 200 instead of 315.
Who can vote?
Another important news: all voters, regardless of age, can vote for members of the Senate. Previously, this right was reserved only for those who had reached the age of 25. What is Rosatellum? It is a mixed electoral law. One third of the seats, both in the Chamber and in the Senate, are assigned through the majority: coalitions and loose lists indicate only one candidate or candidate in the single-member constituencies (in all 221). Whoever arrives first wins the seat up for grabs. Just one vote is enough. That's why alliances matter so much. The name of the single-member candidate will be shown in a rectangular block within the form.
Is it possible to choose the candidates elected with the proportional ratio?
No. Two thirds of the seats are assigned through the proportional constituencies but the parties have blocked lists, with names written on the ballot paper next to the symbols (alternating men and women): there is no possibility for the voter to indicate preferences. The candidate at the top of the list will have a better chance than the others of getting the seat.
Is it possible to take a split vote?
No. Whoever puts a cross on a specific party's list will also cast their vote on the single-member candidate that party supports, regardless of whether or not they mark their name with an X. Whoever chooses the uninominal candidate of a party or a coalition automatically gives his support in the proportional part also to the lists that support him. Attention, because the vote of those who indicate on the ballot form a single candidate and a proportional list not connected to each other will be considered null.
Are there any dams?
One for parties that run alone, set at 3%; for coalitions the bar rises to 10%. A party that does not reach 3% does not get seats in parliament, but if it is part of a coalition and if it is positioned between 1 and 3%, its votes are assigned proportionally to the other parties in its alliance. Only the votes of those parties that do not reach 1% go to nothing. As for coalitions, those that do not exceed the 10% threshold are no longer considered as such and therefore cannot recover the votes of the lists within them that have ended up below 3%.
Is it possible to apply to several colleges?
Individual candidates may appear in only one single-member constituency and, at most, in five proportional ones.